Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an endocrine disorder that affects the normal activities of insulin production and utilization. Causes and prevention of diabetes can never be overemphasized please.
If you know somebody with diabetes, that not-so-sweet disease very associated with sugar. Perhaps it’s your aunt, sister or best friend. Or maybe you have it. If so, you’re in good company according to Halle Berry, Tom Hanks and Nick Jonas which are among the celebrities that also struggle with diabetes, along with more than 100 million Americans who dwell and live with diabetes or prediabetes, based on the information obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Diabetes is a disease that comes around when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is very high. Meanwhile, blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you consume.
Insulin is a pancreatic hormone, which helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used as energy. In some cases your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin or doesn’t use insulin very well. Then Glucose stays in your blood & does not reach your cells.
It’s one of the most common conditions in America, and the numbers are increasing drastically. Diabetes has become the 7th largest cause of death in the American. And the 10 states with the highest rates of type 2 diabetes are in the South America.
It isn’t strange then that the South has its own moniker for the disease: “the sugar”. Diabetes is pretty self-evident, right? It’s the sugar! Think again. This sweet science report reveals the actual evidence
Ensure that you Familiarise yourself with what diabetes is
Before we get into the cause, we have to explain more about diabetes and what diabetes is.
Diabetes comes to play when your blood glucose or blood sugar is too high. Blood glucose is the body’s primary source of energy and is derived from the food you consume on daily basis. Enter insulin: a hormone made by your pancreatic islet. Endocrine Web shares that “insulin is often described as a key, which unlocks the cell to allow sugar to enter the cell and be used for energy.” However, sometimes your body doesn’t make abundant insulin or any at all or just doesn’t manage insulin well.
What happens at that time is that glucose stays in your blood, and doesn’t reach your cells, thus causing glucose to build up in the blood. Hence, increasing your blood sugar levels. Having excess glucose in your blood can cause some ransom significant health problems.
There are so many types of diabetes. Thus, type 1, type 2, gestational, and for those on the cusp, prediabetes. While each is different, they all share the same underlying factors with blood sugar. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes remains chronic conditions. Prediabetes is a precursor to chronic diabetes, and gestational diabetes often resolves on its own after the baby is born.
What is going to be your fate if you are diagnosed of it
Okay what can happen if your body is not able to effectively use glucose to produce energy in your system? The two main types of diabetes, type 1 and type 2 have similar tell-tale warning signs. Although with type 1, onset of symptoms may be faster, showing up in a matter of days or weeks, and tend to be more severe. According to the American Diabetes Association. In some cases, you might experience frequent urination, a sign that your kidneys are trying to expel excess sugar in your blood.
Extreme thirst almost always followed by often urination because your body becomes dehydrated from all the urination. In the same vein, lack of fluid in your body might predispose you to dry mouth and itchy skin. You might also feel increased hunger or have unexpected weight loss due to your body’s inability to get sufficient energy from the food you consumed.
High blood sugar levels, over time, can impact blood flow and cause nerve damage. This makes healing difficult slow-healing cuts or sores are another diabetes warning sign. Last, but definitely not least: frequent yeast infections for both men and women is another hallmark. Symptom of diabetes due to yeast feasting on excess sugar in the blood.
How to ensure your diabetes status
Symptoms vary from person to person. Also by how much your blood sugar is elevated. According to the NIH, type 1 diabetes symptoms can start quickly, sometimes over just a few weeks. With type 2 diabetes, symptoms often starts more slowly, over several years, and for some people may be so mild that they’re not knowable. To be very honest, many people with type 2 diabetes actually have no symptoms. Hence, only to find out they have the disease when they develop diabetes-related health problems like increased thirst and urination or heart problems.
It’s important to pay attention to what’s happening in your body, if something feels off, don’t ignore it: go see your doctor and get a routine check up.
The diabetes contributing factors
Type 1 diabetes can kickoff at any age, in people of all races, shapes, and sizes. This accounts for 10% of all cases of diabetes according to the NIH. It occurs most often in people of European descent. This type of diabetes occurs when your immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. Researchers do not know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes. However, believe that a addition of genetic and environmental factors, like certain common childhood viruses, may trigger the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting between 90 to 95% of people with the condition according to the Center for disease control. It is often preceded by a period of prediabetes. This happens when there is a greater opportunity to halt the progression of the disease. Both lifestyle factors and genes plays much role into the development of type 2. Family history of the condition? You are more likely to develop diabetes as well. Physically inactive (we’re talking to you desk jockeys) overweight or obese? These are also most risk factors for type 2 diabetes development.
Gestational diabetes is a form of the disease that develops during pregnancy. This is brought on by hormonal changes, as well as genetic and lifestyle factors. Hormones made by the placenta contribute to insulin resistance in the later trimesters. This happens to all women, but some can’t produce enough extra insulin to compensate thus develop gestational diabetes. Being overweight or obese raises the risk of this condition.
Know more about the number one cause
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, in people of all races, shapes, and sizes. This accounts for 10% of all cases of diabetes according to the NIH. It occurs most often in people of European descent. This type of diabetes occurs when your immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreatic islet. Researchers do not know exactly what causes type 1 diabetes. However, they believe that a combination of genetic and environmental factors, like certain common childhood viruses, may trigger the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting between 90 to 95% of people with the condition according to the CDC. It is often preceded by a period of prediabetes, when there is a greater opportunity to halt the progression of the disease. Both lifestyle factors and genes play into the development of type 2. Family history of the condition? You are more likely to develop diabetes as well. Physically inactive (we’re talking to you desk jockeys) overweight or obese? These are also most risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a form of the disease that develops during pregnancy. Meanwhile, this is brought on by hormonal changes, as well as genetic and lifestyle factors. Hormones made by the placenta contribute to insulin resistance in the later trimesters. This happens to all women, but some can’t produce enough extra insulin to compensate and develop gestational diabetes. Being overweight or obese raises the risk of this condition.
Diabetes preventive measures
The express way to diabetes is paved by many contributing factors, some out of your control, but many within. In terms of the most common form of diabetes, which is type 2, there’s a lot you can do to prevent the disease.
Exercise your body. A sedentary lifestyle is now seen as a known health risk. Walk. Dance. Do something you enjoy, just make sure you move.
Eat well. You’ve heard it before, you’ll hear it again. You are what you eat. A carb-heavy diet is more likely to spike your blood sugar. Therefore, go easy on the bread, pasta, beer, rice, and potatoes. A rule of thumb from our friends at Eat This, Not That! (and the American Heart Association): Eat your colors. “Orange (carrots, bell peppers). Red (strawberries, raspberries). Green (all the greens from broccoli to kale to peas). Blue (blueberries, blackberries)” according to research.
Keep your weight in normal range. If you are struggling with weight loss, see your doctor and ask for a referral to a nutritionist. Together with the nutritionist, you can come up with a plan that you can live happily with.
What your actions should be when you notice its symptoms
If you notice symptoms like often urination and extreme thirst together, or have cuts that are slow to heal, talk to your healthcare provider. If you catch diabetes in the prediabetes stage, a smart regimen of regular exercise and a healthy (often low-carb) diet can actually prevent you from developing the disease
Diabetes and it’s associated illnesses has been tagged as one of global health issues so far. Therefore, there is an obvious need to look into the causes and prevention of diabetes as well as it’s management to answer some of the queries of diabetes and it’s associated illnesses. That is the reason why we took our time today looking into causes and prevention of diabetes as a case study.
Many thanks for your time, hope you enjoyed your moment with us.